interPhaseChangeFoam - OpenFOAM Solver

Solver: interPhaseChangeFoam   Description

interPhaseChangeFoam is a solver designed for transient simulations of two incompressible, isothermal, and immiscible fluids undergoing phase change processes, such as cavitation. It handles laminar and turbulent, accommodating both Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. It utilizes the Volume of Fluid (VoF) approach for capturing the interface between the fluids accurately. This solver extends the capabilities of interFoam by incorporating phase-change models, which are primarily designed to simulate cavitation but are versatile enough to support other phase-change mechanisms.

The solver uses the PIMPLE (merged PISO-SIMPLE) algorithm for pressure-momentum coupling. This algorithm leverages the strengths of both PISO and SIMPLE methods for pressure-velocity coupling, ensuring robustness in handling transient flows with large time steps. This approach is supplemented by under-relaxation techniques to secure convergence stability. It supports Multiple Reference Frame (MRF) and porosity modeling and allows easy integration of passive scalar transport equations and source terms.

The ability to capture phase changes makes the solver useful in such scenarios as cavitation around hydrofoils, propellers, and hydraulic pumps. In the piping industry, the solver can be used to predict cavitation in pipe systems and valves.

Solver: interPhaseChangeFoam   Features

  • Transient
  • Incompressible
  • Multiphase - Volume of Fluid (VoF)
  • 2 Immiscible Fluids (Liquid & Vapor)
  • Cavitation
  • Phase Change Models: Schnerr-Sauer Merkle **Kunz
  • Laminar and Turbulent (RANS, LES, DES)
  • Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluid
  • Pressure-Based Solver
  • Rotating Objects:
    • Multiple Reference Frames (MRF)
  • Passive Scalar
  • Porosity Modeling
  • Buoyancy
  • Source Term (explicit/implicit)
  • PIMPLE Algorithm
  • MULES Algorithm
  • Solution Limiters:
    • Velocity Damping

Solver: interPhaseChangeFoam   Application


  • Cavitation around Hydrofoils or Propellers

Rotating Machines

  • Cavitation in Hydraulic Pump


  • Cavitation in Pipe Systems or Valves
  • Boiling in a Pipe

Heat Exchangers

  • Boiling Heat Transfer and Phase Interaction in Heat Exchanger, Nuclear Reactors
  • Evaporation in Heat and Mass Exchangers

Solver: interPhaseChangeFoam   Multiphase - Phase Change Solvers Comparison

Phase Change Solvers In this group, we have included solvers implementing Phase Change models to handle cavitation, and surface evaporation/condensation (liquid and its vapor phases).

Phase Change - Cavitation

  • cavitatingFoam 2 immiscible fluids, dedicated to cavitation, Homogeneous Equilibrium Model (HEM)
  • interPhaseChangeFoam 2 immiscible fluids, dedicated to cavitation, VoF, Phase Change Models: Schnerr-Sauer, Merkle, Kunz

Phase Change - Condensation / Evaporation

  • VoF - Volume of Fluid
  • DyM - Dynamic Mesh
  • Overset - also known as Chimera Grid (Method)